— A WORLD —

W I T H O U T

 Shifting 

 Baseline 

 Syndrome 

The incremental lowering of human environmental expectations.

This is caused by each new generation defining what is ’normal’ according to their current environmental conditions. The acceptable environmental thresholds are lowered with each generation.

past present future

Humans are able to understand this phenomenon. Animals can only understand the world as it has existed in their lifespans.

21 years

The oldest

STINGRAY

has never known a world without

CORAL BLEACHING.

EXPLORE  

31 years

The oldest

ZEBRA

has never known a world without

5 BILLION HUMANS.

EXPLORE  

38 years

The oldest

GIANT PANDA

has never known a world without

GENETIC MODIFICATION.

EXPLORE  

48 years

The oldest

BLACK RHINOCEROS

has never known a world WITH

CASPIAN TIGERS.

EXPLORE  

61 years

The oldest

GORILLA

has never known a world without

SPACE DEBRIS.

EXPLORE  

73 years

The oldest

DUGONG

has never known a world without

NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

EXPLORE  

79 years

The oldest

AMERICAN ALLIGATOR

has never known a world without

PESTICIDES.

90 years

The oldest

KILLER WHALE

has never known a world without

CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS (CFC).

EXPLORE  

119 years

The oldest

HUMAN

has never known a world without

MASS DESTRUCTIVE MINING.

149 years

The oldest

TURTLE

has never known a world without

PLASTIC.

EXPLORE  

MASS CORAL BLEACHING

world population

The past two decades have seen several incidents of widespread coral bleaching events on many of the world’s coral reefs.

The world has lost roughly half its coral reefs in the last 30 years largely due to rising ocean temperatures.

Scientists expect that more than 90 percent of corals will die by 2050.

Data sourced from:
https://theconversation.com/its-official-2015-was-the-hottest-year-ever-recorded-53283
https://www.aims.gov.au/docs/research/climate-change/coral-bleaching/bleaching-events.html
https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/environment-90-percent-coral-reefs-die-2050-climate-change-bleaching-pollution-a7626911.html

UNDERESTIMATING OVERPOPULATION

world population

Overpopulation poses a threat to both humans and the environment. Earth's limited resources need to be shared between a greater number of people.

The vast majority of current environmental crises are as a direct result of the rising human population.

It is an incredibly difficult problem to solve as the value of human life is so high.

Data sourced from:
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/world-population-by-year/
https://na.unep.net/geas/archive/pdfs/geas_jun_12_carrying_capacity.pdf
https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Publications/Files/Key_Findings_WPP_2015.pdf

GENETIC ENGINEERING

world population

Genetic engineering is the alteration of an organism's genetic, or hereditary, material to eliminate undesirable characteristics or to produce desirable new ones.

Today genetic engineering is used in fighting problems such as cystic fibrosis, diabetes, and several other diseases. However, it could also have unknown side effects and outcomes.

These rapid advancements are forcing us to make important decisions about what is ethical?

Data sourced from:
http://www.pewinternet.org/2018/07/26/public-views-of-gene-editing-for-babies-depend-on-how-it-would-be-used/
http://www.pewinternet.org/2018/08/16/most-americans-accept-genetic-engineering-of-animals-that-benefits-human-health-but-many-oppose-other-uses/

EARTH'S 6TH MASS EXTINCTION

world population

Imagine if your house was burning down and you could only choose one family member to save. This is the reality humanity is facing as we pick and choose which of the 14 152 at risk species to prioritise.

How do we choose which to save?

Data sourced from:
https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/biodiversity/elements_of_biodiversity/extinction_crisis/
https://www.iucnredlist.org/search/stats

THE POLLUTION IS OUT OF THIS WORLD

world population

In humanities race to conquer space, we have left behind a trail of discarded spacecraft components. This debris is now orbiting the earth travelling between 7 and 8km every second.

Pieces ranges from a grain of sand to a school bus in size. As they are travelling at such rapid speed even a small piece is potentially lethal to astronauts.

Space travel has existed for such a short span of time yet we have already created dangerous levels of pollution.

Data sourced from:
https://www.space-track.org/#boxscore
https://m.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/Space_Debris/Space_debris_by_the_numbers
https://www.nasa.gov/centers/wstf/site_tour/remote_hypervelocity_test_laboratory/micrometeoroid_and_orbital_debris.html
https://www.nasa.gov/news/debris_faq.html

MUTUALLY ASSURED DESTRUCTION

world population

Humanities deadliest invention to date is the nuclear bomb. They allow a handful of individuals to decimated entire cities.

Since the end of the Cold War nuclear the number of stockpiled nuclear weapons has decreased. However, neither the US or Russia are willing to relinquish their power entirely.

While there are so many nuclear weapons, is anyone really safe?

Data sourced from:
http://www.benjamintkach.com/uploads/3/7/4/2/37425527/fuhrmanntkach_cmps.pdf
https://www.ploughshares.org/world-nuclear-stockpile-report
http://www.aasc.ucla.edu/cab/200708230009.html

OZONE LAYER DEPLETION

world population

Chlorofluorocarbons were invented in 1928 as an alternative to dangerous substances like ammonia for purposes of refrigeration and spray can propellants. Their usage grew enormously over the years.

CFC and other similar chemicals decompose the ozone layer allowing dangerous levels of UV light to enter the Earth's atmosphere.

The Montreal Protocol drafted in 1987 had many countries commit to reducing CFC usage. The Antarctic Ozone hole has now begun to repair itself. However, it will be generations before the majority of the damage is repaired.

Data sourced from:
https://ourworldindata.org/ozone-layer

PLASTIC WASTE

world population

While plastic has many valuable uses, we have become addicted to single-use and disposable plastics. These have severe environmental consequences.

Around the world, one million plastic drinking bottles are purchased every minute and up to 5 trillion single-use plastic bags are used worldwide every year.

In total, half of all plastic produced is designed to be used only once and then thrown away.

Data sourced from:
https://ourworldindata.org/plastic-pollution
https://www.unenvironment.org/interactive/beat-plastic-pollution/